Monday, 28 May 2018

Road to Revelation: 2 Samuel

2 Samuel begins with the sad downfall of Saul's house until finally in chapter 5 David is crowned his successor.  David brought the Ark of the Covenant into the city of Jerusalem and in chapter 7 expressed his desire to build a great temple for the Lord.  The Lord was pleased with his request and promised David that his kingdom would endure forever and that his son would build the temple.  Key Verse 7:16 David's throne to endure forever.

Chapters 8-10 detail David's victories over Israel's enemies.  Remember how Joshua and the people did not complete driving out the people in the promised land?  Well David completed this work and for the first time the people of Israel are fully occupying all the land promised to Abraham. Aaaaand this is the end of the good stuff...  Even though David is held up as the greatest king Israel had, it is not because he was a great guy, or even a good politician, but because he was faithful to the Lord; he never turned to other gods.  And this is the standard by which the writers of the Old Testament judge the greatness of Israel's kings.

Chapter 11-12 tells the story of David's affair with Bathsheba, the attempted coverup of his dirty deed and the murder of her husband.  David was not immune to one of the sins of royalty to which Samuel warned the people; the taking of other's women for himself.  But unlike other Saul and subsequent kings, when David was confronted by the Lord, through Nathan the prophet, he repents and accepts the Lord's discipline. 

The practice of keeping of multiple wives appears to be tolerated by the Lord in ancient Israel but it came with devastating natural consequences; one of David's sons violated his half sister causing the sister's full brother, Absalom, to plot his revenge... for two years!!  Chapters 13-19 tell how Absalom was furious at David's lack of discipline toward his half brother and this ultimately led to Absalom leading a rebellion against David and attempting to seize the throne.  It is not until Absalom is killed that David could return to Jerusalem and his kingship but he did it with a heavy heart after the loss of his son.

But he couldn't mourn for long as a Benjaminite named Sheba led a rebellion which took all but Judah's loyalty from David.  A Benjaminite!  Like Saul!  So David's main man Joab went after Sheba and killed him (Chapter 20).  More killing in chapter 21 where we read of the Gibeonites getting their revenge on Saul's family for his genocide of their people.  This is the end of Saul's house as prophesied by Samuel.  Only Mephiboseth is spared.

Chapter 22 is also Psalm 18!  David's song of praise to the Lord for delivering him from Saul and all his enemies.  Then there is the roll call in chapter 23 of the mighty men in David's army.  Some random cool facts in there!

2 Samuel doesn't end on a high note however...  David took a census of his armies instead of trusting in the Lord to fight his battles and the people suffered as a result. 

So things are a bit of a downer at the end of David's life but we the reader learn a valuable lesson: Do not put your trust in men for they will disappoint you and sin against you.  Instead put your trust in the Lord!!  We need to look to the true king of Israel who will remain true to his promises as David says "The Lord is my Rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation.  He is my stronghold, my refuge and my saviour..." 2 Samuel 22:2-3

Monday, 14 May 2018

Road To Revelation: 1 Samuel

The time of the Judges of Israel are almost at the end and a king is on the horizon...

1 Samuel 1-7

Samuel was the last great Judge of Israel.  The first born son to a formerly barren woman who then did NOT redeem him from the Lord and so he became a helper to the priests and learned the law and heard directly from the Lord.  With all the craziness going on at the end of the time of the judges it was amazing that worship at the Tabernacle was even still going on!  But Eli's sons treated the worship of God with contempt and used the sacrifices for their own gain so they were judged by the Lord and died and the ark of the covenant was captured by the Philistines.  They returned it after much suffering and the land of Israel had peace for a time.

1 Samuel 8-10
When Samuel was old his sons became the judges but they were like Eli's sons and the people cried out for a king.  Although Samuel was not happy about it the Lord told him to anoint a king for Israel, to give the people what they wanted.  And He told Samuel to warn the people that a king would not be the solution to their problems, in fact it would add more problems, for a king would add great economic burdens on them.  At the moment the people are free!  Their only obligation is to the Lord and to his sacrificial system, everything else they own is theirs!  But a king will demand more from them... Key verses: 1 Samuel 8:5-18

The people insist so Samuel is sent to find and anoint Saul.  Saul was the king the people wanted; he was tall and handsome.  But he was fearful; and we will see from his actions that his fear was not toward God but toward the people (ch 15:24).  Cool fact: He was also from the tribe of Benjamin, the tribe almost wiped out at the end of Judges!

In chapter 12 Samuel graciously handed over the leadership of Israel to Saul with a speech warning the people to remain faithful to the Lord MORE than to their human ruler.  But all too quickly in chapter 13 Saul disobeyed the Lord and lost the right for his family to rule Israel.  But even though his son Jonathan would never rule, he remained faithful to the Lord, despite his father's unfaithfulness.

By chapter 15 Saul had disobeyed the Lord again and is rejected by the Lord.  But before you judge Saul too harshly, he was a good king toward the people and fought many battles against the Israel's enemies but his heart was more and more hardened toward the Lord and twisted by jealousy.

So Samuel is sent off again to find the next king... a king who would put God first and the people's desires second and he arrives at the house of Jesse.  Remember him from the end of Ruth? (and also from the tribe of Judah!!).  Samuel was drawn to Jesse's handsome, king looking sons but there was another forgotten son; David.  Key Verse: 16:7

1 Samuel 16-18  David was put into Saul's service (as prophesied in ch 8) then defeated Goliath, then married Saul's daughter.

1 Samuel 19-30  The final section of 1 Samuel describes jealous Saul hunting and seeking to kill his successor David, forcing David to shelter with their enemy, the Philistines.  As time went on Saul became more and more deranged even killing priests and visiting a medium (both strictly forbidden in the law) and finally, 1 Samuel ends with Saul ending his own life in battle (31).  The contrast between Saul's increasing unfaithfulness and David's obedience during his extreme trials is stark.

Extra Reading and Takeaway: 
The persecution of David by Saul reminds us of the persecution of another young up and coming king by the current ruler.  Remember Herod's jealous rage when Jesus was born?  The king of kings had to flee to Egypt to escape death also (Matt. 2:13-19) but escape he did and went on to die on his own terms; to set up an eternal kingdom and rule it faithfully forever.

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Road to Revelation: Numbers

Numbers is the account of the people of Israel in the wilderness and starts like the name suggests; with a numbering of the tribes.  We see how big the family of Israel has become!

Chapters 2-4 detail the organizing of the Levites.  The Levites were the helper tribe for the priests.  They did all the work around the tabernacle and helped the priests fulfill their duties (ch 3: 5-10).

Chapters 5-6 are another grouping of miscellaneous laws.  Chapter 6 is the section which details the Nazerite vows.  It’s weird but will come up again in Judges with Samson (Judges 13).

Back to the Tabernacle and it’s time to dedicate it to the Lord.  Chapters 7-10 list the people involved and the ceremonies undertaken.  This was the second Passover (the first being at the escape from Egypt in Exodus).

The complaining of the people starts in chapter 11 and doesn’t end until... well... never really?? Lol!  Even though the people are ungrateful so and so’s God provides them with quail to go with their manna.

Then the people were close enough to the promised land to explore it and Moses sent the 12 spies into the land.  All the spies except Caleb come back with despair in their hearts.  The land was indeed good, but the people living in the land were powerful.  The people responded with complaining (again) and so only those with faith (Caleb and Joshua) were allowed to enter the land.  The rest of the people were cursed to wander in the wilderness for 40 years until that generation had died.  Key Verse Numbers 14:20-24

Following this account are more laws and attempted mutinies against Moses and the Lord.  Then in chapter 20 a very sad account of the people complaining (no surprises here), and this time Moses had had enough.  He was angry toward the people and his anger led him to sin against the Lord and as a consequence he was also forbidden from entering the promised land.  Noooooooooooo!

The account of Balaam and his donkey (which talked!)  (ch.22) proves to be an important, although strange account.  Balaam was ordered to curse the Israelites by the king of a nation close to the Israelites so that he could defeat them in battle.  However Balaam cannot curse the people and so devised a plan for the king to infiltrate the Israelites with beautiful women and weaken them that way.  Unfortunately Balaam's plan worked and the love Israelite men had for foreign women and their idols were a thorn in Israel’s side for generations, even after the Israelites were in the promised land.

In their wanderings the Israelites rebelled against the Lord again (bronze snake—ch 21), were attacked by other nations (ch 21-22), the people were counted again (ch 26), and Joshua was named as Moses successor (ch 27). 

Despite all the challenges the people of Israel encountered because of their own and others sin the book of Numbers ends on a hopeful note.  The last chapters detail the borders and divisions of the promised land.  God still intends to keep his promises to his people!  They will still make it!

Takeaway:  From one man, Abraham, the people of Israel have grown from a small family into a large nation.  Although the people are faithless, God remains faithful to them and keeps his promises to them (1 John 1:9).  Their children will enter the Promised Land and receive all that he says they will.

Monday, 19 March 2018

Road to Revelation: Leviticus

 Leviticus: The Book of sacrifice

Now that the people had  a place to meet with God, they needed people to help with guiding them through the complicated process of that (Leviticus 1-7).  These people were the priests.  Aaron’s family were chosen to be the priests in the Tabernacle/Temple and the first priests after Aaron were his sons Nadab and Abihu (Leviticus 8-10).
Unclean!  Unclean!  Everything is unclean!  The next section of the law (Leviticus 11-15) deals with everything which excluded people from approaching God.  Skin discharges, womanly discharges, bodily discharges, mildew.  All were unclean.  All must be clean before a perfect and holy God.  Under this system, if they were unclean they were excluded from participating publicly in worship of the Lord. 

 Extra Reading: But was it God’s intention to reject them?  No!  We see in Jesus the mercy of God towards the unclean when he dealt with the woman who had a continuous bodily discharge.  See Luke 8:40-48  The unclean could not participate publicly in worship, but they were always loved by God.

Leviticus 16  The Day of Atonement:  Once a year the High Priest could enter the Most Holy Place and offer sacrifices to God on behalf of the people to cleanse them from their sin.  When Jesus died the curtain separating the Most Holy Place from the rest of the temple was torn from top to bottom (Matthew 27:51), indicating that all sins for all time had finally been cleansed and now anyone could boldly approach God.  See Hebrews 10:19-20

Leviticus 17-20  Rules for how people should conduct themselves towards their neighbours.  Key Verse: Leviticus 17:11—the life is in the blood and is spilled to cover sin.  Christ's blood is the fulfillment of this verse, and ushers in a new covenant.  One not based on continual sacrifice of animals on our behalf to cover our sin, but one based on Christ's sacrifice which cleanses us from sin once and for all time (Hebrews 12:22-24).

Leviticus 21-22  Rules for how the priests should conduct themselves in life .  Jesus is our perfect High Priest see Hebrews 5:1-10

Leviticus 23-25  Festivals for the people to hold to remember God’s  provision to his people

Leviticus 26 A list of blessings for faithfulness/obedience and punishments for idolatry/disobedience in the promised land.

Leviticus 27 Redemption of gifts to the Lord.  God is a gracious God; if someone dedicated something to him and then changed his mind, there was a way out.

Takeaway:  On their way through the wilderness and once they entered the promised land the people of God would be surrounded by other nations with other gods.  God wanted his people to look different from the other nations.  He wanted their conduct and worship practices to reflect his character so that they would be different to the surrounding nations and a light to guide the nations to the true God.  Even if they rejected him, he would not reject them but would remain faithful to his promises (Leviticus 26:42-45).

Sunday, 18 March 2018

Road to Revelation: Exodus

After Joseph died, years passed and the Egyptian rulers gradually forgot who Joseph was and what he had done to save their people during the great famine of the past.  Racism grew (as it always does) and the Egyptians enslaved the Israelites.  Things got so bad the Israelites cried out to God for rescue.  He sent them a man, Moses, who was used by God to free the people from Egypt (10 plagues) and they escaped into the wilderness (through the Red Sea) Exodus 1-19. 
Extra Reading:  The last plague killed all the firstborn sons in Egypt.  The only ones who escaped this plague are those who believed God and therefore killed a lamb and sprinkled it’s blood around their doorposts.  This was the first Passover meal: lamb and unleavened bread.  Moses was commanded to institute this as an annual festival so that God’s people never forgot the great rescue from Egypt and the power of God.  Key Verse: Exodus 13: 14-16
When Jesus came he instituted a very similar meal  at the last supper (held at Passover time).  He commanded his followers to drink wine and eat bread to remember what he was going to do—rescue his people by dying for them; just like the lamb had to die for the people of Israel to rescue them (Luke 22).  Jesus is the perfect and final Passover lamb.  See 1 Corinthians 5:7.  Jesus’s life echoed the Israelite’s escape from Egypt; miracles followed by death and through that death, many are rescued from slavery.

After they reached the wilderness God took the Israelites to the foot of Mt Sinai.  Moses went up the mountain alone and received the Mosaic Covenant; the 10 commandments and the ceremonial and civil laws for God’s people.  Key Verse: Exodus 20:1-17  While he was up there the people immediately turned to other gods!!!  Arghhh!  But although God was angry, He persevered with the people and His promises to them and gave them instructions for how the Tabernacle [God’s tent/meeting place] was to be set up and operated.  God’s people finally had a way to approach God and for Him to live among them. 

Takeaway:  The Tabernacle system was complicated, difficult and bloody.  It was only a partial fulfillment of what God had in mind for his people but it did allow them to access Him and have peace with Him.  The best they could do during this time was to sacrifice their animals and look forward in faith to something better to come.  HE [Jesus] came eventually, to be the final sacrifice for sin and fulfill all the symbols laid out in the Tabernacle.  Hebrews 9-10 explains how Jesus is the fulfillment of the Tabernacle. 

We have a much better covenant with God that Moses did.  For we can approach God any time, in any state, knowing that he will receive us gladly because Jesus is right there standing in our place interceding for usSee Hebrews 4:14-16

Friday, 16 March 2018

Road to Revelation: Genesis - Joseph

Whew!  Genesis is a long book!  And yet here we are at the last patriarch of Abraham's family of  promise before they grow to become a great nation, yes, it's Joseph.

Genesis 37-50

By Genesis 37 Jacob’s sons are all grown up.  One of the younger brothers, Joseph, was the favourite of his father and was sold as a slave to an Egyptian because of his brother’s jealousy.  A famine had wrecked the land of Canaan [the land promised to Abraham], forcing Jacob’s family to flee to Egypt.  Genesis ends with the people of Israel still in Egypt, living in peace while Joseph is alive.

Key Verse: Genesis 50:19-21.  Joseph realised that what his brothers intended for evil, God used for good—to keep his promises to Abraham and keep his people alive.

Extra Reading and Takeaway: Hebrews 11:22  Joseph knew that he had been sent to Egypt to prepare a safe haven for God’s people until it was time to go back to the promised land again.  He knew God would make a way for His promises to come to pass.  Though God’s people are a wild bunch, God remains faithful to them because He is faithful (2 Timothy  2:13).

Read also Act 7:1-16.  Stephen gives a marvelous summary of the book of Genesis from Abraham to Joseph.

Tuesday, 13 March 2018

Road to Revelation: Genesis continued - Jacob

 Now back to our regularly scheduled program ;)

Isaac had two sons; Esau and Jacob (Genesis 25:19-26).  His older, Esau, was tricked out of his birthright by his younger brother Jacob and consequently leaves the people of God's promises and becomes another people group; the Edomites (Genesis 36).  

 Jacob was a “trickster” and spent his life deceiving others for his own gain but nevertheless God used him to carry on the family line of His people.  From Jacob’s four wives we get 12 sons.  These sons became the tribes of Israel (so named because Jacob’s name was changed to Israel in Genesis 32:28) after he wrestled with God (an event symbolizing his life up to this point). 
Key Verse: Genesis 49:10 Jacob prophesied that Judah’s line would be the one to bring about the kings of Israel and the promised Messiah [Jesus].

Extra Reading and Takeaway: The story of Jacob illustrates to us that God sometimes chooses the most unlikely/unsuitable/unexpected people to achieve His purposes.  Romans 9:10-13 tells us that we can apply Jacob’s story to our story; that it is primarily God who chooses us, rather than us choosing Him.  And that none of us are too tricksy or sinful to be excluded from God's promises made to us through Jesus Christ.